Autoimmune Diseases

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The key difference between autoimmune disease and immunocompromised is that an autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system erroneously attacks the normal healthy cells in the body, while immunocompromised occurs when the immune system fails to respond to an infection or disease adequately.   The immune system is a biological network of processes that protects people from diseases. It detects and responds to pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The immune system is mainly categorized into two systems as the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Nearly all organisms have some kind of an immune system. Autoimmune disease and immunocompromised are two conditions caused due to defects in the immune system.   What is Autoimmune Disease?   An autoimmune disease is a condition

Connective tissues such as cartilage, bone, blood and adipose (fat) provide essential structure, support and protection to organs and other structures throughout the body. Primarily composed of two proteins—collagen and elastic—connective tissues can sometimes become inflamed due to an injury or a genetic condition. In some cases, the cause of the inflammation is unknown.   Types of Connective Tissue Disorders    There are several types of connective tissue disorders, including:    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)  Scleroderma  Lupus  Churg-Strauss syndrome  Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA Microscopic polyangiitis  Polymyositis/dermatomyositis  Marfan syndrome   What Are the Symptoms of a Connective Tissue Disorder?   The symptoms of a connective tissue disorder can vary depending on the area of the body affected. The most serious symptoms are related to inflammation around the lungs, such as:    Difficulty

Your hip joint is one of the largest in your body, and the responsibility it bears isn’t insignificant: It’s one of your primary weight-bearing joints, so when there’s a problem, your mobility and overall quality of life are greatly affected.    Countless people are affected by hip pain, whether from a sports injury, sitting at an office desk for too long, or because of a chronic condition. There are some diseases that are responsible for a disproportionate amount of hip pain, and it’s important to learn about them so you can practice preventive self-care and be well-informed when you talk with your doctor.   Hip Pain Defined   First, it’s important to know that, unfortunately, there are many types of hip discomfort, from numbness, burning, and

Do you have pain, tenderness, swelling or stiffness in your hands, wrists or feet that has lasted for six weeks or longer? In the morning, are your joints stiff for longer than 30 minutes? Is one or both of your knees tender, warm and swollen? You may have more than arthritis — you may have rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic and often very painful autoimmune disease.   With rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the body’s immune system, which normally attacks foreign agents like bacteria and viruses, attacks the joints. This creates chronic inflammation that causes the tissue that lines the inside of joints to thicken, causing swelling and sometimes excruciating pain in and around the joints.   Small joints in the hands, feet, wrists, elbows, knees and

In the past, women with autoimmune diseases were frequently counseled against conceiving. Today, more and more women with a range of autoimmune conditions are enjoying healthy pregnancies. Here are some of the most Frequently Asked Questions about autoimmune disorders and pregnancy.   Q: What Are The Most Common Autoimmune Disorders Affecting Women Of Childbearing Age?   Rheumatic diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis; thyroid diseases, such as Hashimoto’s and Graves; and type 1 diabetes. There are also some rarer diseases clinicians should be aware of, including scleroderma; Sjögren’s syndrome; and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, a condition characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in the blood. Though women with this condition don’t have active disease, they may develop clotting problems down the road. It’s important

In general, autoimmune diseases tend to arrive unpredictably, disguised as other conditions, offering only confusing clues as to what they are.   Why Are Autoimmune Diseases So Mysterious?   One reason is that the list of what’s considered to be autoimmune is long and ranges from the very common to the extremely rare.   Did you know? The following are all autoimmune diseases:   Celiac disease Diabetes type 1 Multiple sclerosis (MS) Psoriasis Inflammatory bowel disease   While very different, all these disorders have one thing in common: they occur when a person’s immune system decides to attack healthy body cells. Instead of fighting infection with antibodies, the body produces autoantibodies. The body is essentially fighting itself.   Where and how this self-attack occurs determines the disease and its symptoms. But